PHSE

PHSE

Intent

At Sandbach Academy, PSHE is at the heart of our school ethos. It is not just a discrete curriculum subject, but it is the way we live our lives together as a school community, learning to work effectively and successfully alongside one-another.

We aim for our children to have the skills, knowledge, understanding and attributes to keep themselves healthy and safe and to prepare them to live happy, successful lives, interacting appropriately with others throughout society and their life experiences.

 

Design

Our curriculum has been developed using the PSHE Association Programme Builders. The programme of study provides learning opportunities under three core themes:

Health and Wellbeing

Relationships – including sex education

Living in The Wider World.

Themes are visited year on year across the child’s primary school learning journey, building and extending previous learning and covering all statutory requirements for both Key Stage 1 and Key Stage 2.

Our curriculum is designed to help our pupils to:

  • Identify and develop their own personal qualities, attitudes and skills and build self-esteem.
  • Explore the range of relationships they may have with others, including those online.
  • Promote a healthy and balanced lifestyle throughout the stages of their life.
  • Perceive risk in all aspects of their life and aim to keep themselves and others safe.
  • Recognise that everyone they meet is different and that each person should be valued equally.
  • Understand that people interact through rights and responsibilities, giving or withdrawing consent.
  • See changes as a fact of life and equip them for the challenges and opportunities that may stem from such changes.
  • Understand that power manifests through behaviours including bullying and can be challenged or managed through negotiation.
  • Understand the nature of the uk economy and how concepts, including enterprise and employability, may affect their future careers.

Design

  • PSHE is taught as a discrete lesson within each class for a minimum of an hour per week. (There will of course be further opportunities to enhance their learning through other subjects across the curriculum such as Science, Physical Education, ICT, Religious Education, History and the Arts.)
  • Provision is tailored to meet the needs of our children addressing local, national and global priorities.
  • Local priorities highlighted by data from Public Health England include increasing prevalence of obesity of Reception children, high level of tooth decay in Primary aged children and above average hospital admissions caused through unintentional and deliberate injury.
  • National initiatives will also contribute to our curriculum e.g. Anti-Bullying week, Firework safety, Internet Safety day, Children’s Mental Health Week, NSPCC-Pants, Road Safety, Sun Awareness.
  • Through working with children and each other day in day out-modelling behaviours and attitudes and supporting children in developing appropriate skills, knowledge and understanding.

 

Implementation

EYFS

The 2yr olds, Nursery and Reception children of our Foundation unit will follow the Statutory Framework for the Early Years Foundation Stage and the guidance given within the ‘Development Matters’ document.  Children’s Personal Social and Emotional Development is a ‘Prime Area’ and crucial to enable them to live healthy and happy lives. It sets the foundations on which to build learning across the curriculum and throughout their lives.

Self-Regulation

Throughout their journey in the Foundation unit, the children will begin to develop a sense of self, recognising how different experiences make them feel and use body language, gestures, signing, pictures and simple vocabulary to express their emotions. They will learn strategies to manage these emotions and become more able to wait for what they want and direct attention. Gradually they recognise and learn to respond to the feelings of others, offering help and comfort. The children will be encouraged and supported to set simple goals which they work to achieve, showing confidence in their own abilities. Increasingly they will be able to focus their attention on what the adults say, responding appropriately and following instructions involving several ideas or actions.

 Managing Self  

From the earliest days at school, the children will have behaviours modelled to them which help them to develop their independence and the critical ‘characteristics of effective learning’. They will be encouraged to share their own needs, wants, interests and opinions and show resilience and perseverance, recognising when they need help. They will learn about why we have classroom/school rules to keep us safe and increasingly recognise the impact of their choices and behaviours upon others. They will be encouraged to care for themselves, using the toilet independently, washing their hands, and showing increasing responsibility for care of their possessions and their environment. Through modelling, discussion and activities the children will understand the importance of a healthy lifestyle including the importance of diet, exercise and dental care. They will learn that their body belongs to them and through participating in the ‘NSPCC Pants’ scheme, will understand that the parts of the body covered by underwear are private.

Building Relationships

Children in the Early years will develop a good understanding of families and people who care for them. The Early Years Practioners will prioritise developing warm, caring relationships with the children as they move from home or other care providers, ensuring they develop the confidence to share experiences with others, imitating and then sharing play ideas and building their own positive relationships with their peers and trusted adults. They will develop skills to work co-operatively as a group, share, take turns and listen to the ideas and views of others, showing awareness of their needs. They will learn the importance of treating everyone with respect and develop courtesy and good manners.

By the end of their time in Foundation Stage, children will:

See themselves as valuable individuals who can talk about their own likes/dislikes, opinions and ideas.

They will be building constructive and respectful relationships, showing awareness of the needs of others, listening, sharing, taking turns, co-operating and learning to resolve conflicts peacefully.

Express their feelings and consider the feelings of others. Developing descriptive vocabulary, signing, using pictures or photographs to communicate how they feel understand how others may be feeling.

Identify and moderate their own feelings socially and emotionally. Showing awareness of class/school rules and recognising when their behaviour did not follow those rules. Have strategies to use to help them calm down.

Think about the perspective of others.

Show resilience and perseverance when faced with challenges Learning to problem solve, set their own goals and understand that mistakes are an important part of learning. 

Manage their own needs. Developing independence and understanding how to make healthy choices.

 

KS1

During their two years in Key Stage 1, the children will have built upon the knowledge, skills and attributes from The Foundation Stage.

Health and Wellbeing

Children in Key Stage 1 will build their understanding of how to develop a healthy life-style including the benefits of hygiene, exercise, rest, good diet and dental health. They will recognise what makes them unique and how their bodies change, using the correct terminology for body parts. The children will continue to extend their awareness of how to keep themselves safe by following rules, asking for help and specifically exploring the dangers of household products and keeping safe on-line. Through their expanding vocabulary, the children will discuss their feelings and consider ways to manage them, developing the positive principles for good mental health.

Relationships

Through Key Stage 1 children will build on their understanding of families and people who help us, gaining an appreciation of the different types of family make-up, common features of family life and the importance of telling someone if something in your family makes you unhappy or worried. A strong, daily emphasis upon developing positive relationships will help children learn the importance of listening to others, acknowledging their feelings, settling arguments fairly and sharing opinions thus supporting the development of respectful, caring friendships. Through the use of the’ NSPCC Pants’ scheme, children will recognise that the parts of the body covered by pants are private. Children will also develop a growing appreciation that bodies and feelings can be hurt through words and actions, that hurtful behaviour offline and online, is not acceptable and how they can report bullying.

Living In The Wider World

By the end of Key Stage 1 children will have had further opportunities to be involved with the creation of classroom rules and know why we have rules in society. They will have developed an understanding of the different groups and communities they belong to and the roles and responsibilities within their community. The children will have participated in simple ways to protect and look after their environment such as recycling, saving electricity and creating wildlife habitats. They will think about how society makes money and how to make choices about spending and saving money. As their access to the digital world grows, links to their learning in ICT will support the children’s understanding of how and why the internet is used and how to find things out and communicate safely.

 

Lower Key Stage 2

Health and Wellbeing

During their time in Lower Key Stage 2, children will learn that mental wellbeing is a normal part of life. They will continue to explore emotions, widening their vocabulary and consider conflicting emotions. Building upon the principles of a healthy lifestyle from Key Stage 1, children examine the concept of a ‘balanced diet’ whilst the hygiene theme will focus on common bacteria and viruses. They will know about drugs that are common in everyday life such as medicines, caffeine, alcohol and tobacco, considering the negative impact they can have on a person’s health. Building on their understanding of growth and change, the children will consider the changes that occur through puberty which are different for boys and girls. As the children become more independent they will focus upon staying safe around roads, rails and water, sun safety as well as regular discussions about staying safe online. They will be able to recognise different forms of bullying and understand how to take responsible actions in an emergency.

Relationships

Children in Lower Key Stage 2 will further their ability to develop positive, healthy relationships through looking in more depth at how working together co-operatively and compromising can help provide ways to address conflicts. They consider the characteristics of healthy family life and positive relationships with friends, recognising the importance of caring and protecting one another. Extending the work from Key Stage 1, children will develop their understanding of un/acceptable touch and privacy, exploring keeping secrets and springing surprises. The children will recognise and celebrate similarities and differences in people and communities and show awareness of issues around equality and stereotyping. They will build upon their understanding of the feelings of others, listening to and respecting viewpoints. The work in Key Stage 1 on bullying extends into looking at more aggressive or physical bullying.

Living in the Wider World

Building on their understanding of rights and responsibilities, the children will extend their knowledge of human rights and the Rights of the Child. They will have opportunities to debate and appreciate how this can be used in finding consensus and in making and changing rules. The environment theme will reflect their greater awareness of their role in protection and making sustainable choices, whilst developing financial responsibility through opportunity to participate in enterprise projects, considering planning and budgeting. In the area of Media Literacy and Digital Resilience, children will focus upon how the internet is used, making safe reliable choices from search results and how data is shared and used.

 

Upper Key Stage 2

Health and Wellbeing

The focus in this strand further builds upon their knowledge of healthy lifestyles and their developing ability to make effective choices, taking regular exercise and eating a balanced diet. They will understand the risks associated with a poor diet such as obesity and be able to discuss the risks of legal and illegal substances and the impact of habits on people’s behaviour. They will revisit the science behind infections and viruses, knowing how they spread and the facts relating to immunisations. Through developing their knowledge around ‘Growing and Changing’ the children further explore ways to manage feelings and emotions and have strategies to self-regulate. They learn what effects our mental health and how to look after it, managing change, transition, loss and bereavement. Discussions and activities will explore their aspirations and goals and practise target setting. The children will learn more about the physical and emotional changes in puberty, sensitively exploring the themes of human reproduction and body abuse, including female genital mutilation (FGM).   Building on their understanding of bullying and cyberbullying, children consider truth and fakery in an online world, online safety, passwords and the acceptable use of mobile phones. With growing maturity, the children will understand the decision-making process and the effects of peer pressure. They consider how to take responsibility around dangers and ways to help in an emergency.

Relationships

The children will focus on long term commitment and the process of both marriage and civil partnership. They will consider the features of healthy and unhealthy friendships and when and how to seek support. Further extending work safe relationships, children will revisit the themes of un/acceptable touch, secrets and dares. Throughout their time in Upper Key Stage 2 they will be learning to discuss issues respectfully, and listen to the viewpoints of others, including those whose traditions, beliefs and lifestyles are different from their own. They will learn to identify different types of discrimination e.g. sexism, racism and homophobia and identify online bullying.

Living in the Wider World

By the end of upper Key Stage 2, children will have developed a strong understanding of what it means to be a responsible caring member of the local and wider community. They will learn how resources are allocated and that the way money is spent effects the environment, considering how everyday choices can support or damage it. The children will continue to develop their understanding of diversity, recognising and challenging prejudice, discrimination and stereotyping. Through the focus on’ Money and Work’, the children explore influences and attitudes to money learning about borrowing, interest and debt. They identify job interests and routes to achieve aspirations. Further extending their knowledge of ‘Media Literacy and Digital resilience’, the children understand how information online is targeted and learn to evaluate media sources and share things online safely.

Impact

Our school has a positive and caring learning environment, where the children feel secure and from this base develop positive relationships with their peers and adults. They are able to make informed decisions about their health, wellbeing and safety, and are effective individuals within the school, local, national and global community. All pupils develop the characteristics of effective learning, seeing themselves as problem solvers  who use perseverance and resilience to achieve their goals.

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Contact the school

Sandbach Primary Academy

Crewe Rd

Sandbach

Cheshire, CW11 4NS

Tel: 01270 918922